Brief Overview on FAA & MROs
The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) is an agency of the United States Department of Transportation; they are responsible for the oversight and regulation of aviation within the United States, as well as operation of the National Airspace System (NAS). The primary responsibility of the FAA is to ensure the safety of civil aviation. Their regulation responsibilities also encompass the following: development of aeronautics, operation of air traffic control and navigation systems for civil and military aircraft, regulation of U.S. commercial space transportation, and the development of programs to mitigate aircraft noise and other environmental effects of aviation. The FAA also controls the construction and operation of airports; adding to the list of complex responsibilities.
The safe and efficient use of airspace is one of the administration’s main objectives. They accomplish this goal through a variety of integrated methods. Airport towers and air traffic control communications, air route traffic control sensors, flight service stations, the implementation air traffic rules, airspace use assignments, and a collection of other systems are used to regulate airspace.
The organization must also ensure all aircraft have the required clearances to fly. Similar to the requirements to obtain a driver’s license, but more complex in application, pilots must have the proper credentials to receive a pilot’s license. The FAA goes to great lengths to ensure the safety of others by guaranteeing all pilots have received the necessary licenses and certifications. They are also responsible for revoking/suspending licenses to those pilots who fail to meet the requirements and regulations.
The origins of the FAA began long before there were any federal organizations regulating air travel. With the introduction of commercial travel came the Air Mail Act of 1925, which was a means to regulate the growing production of commercial airliners. This legislation was quickly followed by the Air Commerce Act of 1926 which improved airline safety measures, enforced air traffic regulations, and established a pilot licensing system. The Bureau of Air Commerce was then established in 1934, implementing the first air traffic control centers. In 1958, the Federal Aviation Agency was created to combine the different aviation acts and regulations into one bureau. Finally, in 1967, the Federal Aviation Agency was renamed the Federal Aviation Administration. The name hasn’t been changed since, and the responsibilities of this administration have evolved over time.
Proper maintenance repair and overhaul procedures (MRO) contribute to the FAA’s main goal, “to provide the safest, most efficient aerospace system in the world.” The aircraft maintenance industry encompasses repair stations that perform specialized services such as plating, welding, or nondestructive testing procedures. In addition, other repair stations focus on fuel systems, carburetors, landing gear assemblies, electronics, etc. The repair maintenance industry is massive; it covers all segments of aircraft repair. An aircraft can fly safely and efficiently by following all the regulations of the FAA combined with proper upkeep from MROs.
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